Barré, Muhammad Siad

(1919–1995)
   President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 until 1991, and chairman of the Somali Socialist Revolutionary Party, Barré espoused an idiosyncratic Marxism that incorporated elements of nationalism and Islam, and increasingly moved away from Marxism to “Somali socialism.” Born in Lugh (Kana Dere) district in southern Somalia to a nomadic camel herder, Barré joined the police force during the British military administration of Somalia (1942–1950) becoming chief inspector. In 1950, during the Italian-administered United Nations trusteeship administration, he won a scholarship to study at a military academy in Italy and in 1954 became an officer in the Somali security forces. With the creation of the independent Somali Republic in 1960 he became a colonel and deputy commander of the army, and in 1966 he became general and commander of the army. He led the military coup of 1969 and was president of the Supreme Revolutionary Council until 1976 when he became president of the country. His time in power was marked by hostilities with Ethiopia and an increasingly autocratic rule against which a rebellion was initiated leading to his fleeing the country in January 1991.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Muhammad Siad Barre — Porträt von Siad Barre Mohamed Siad Barre (Somali Maxamed Siyaad Barre, * nach eigenen Angaben 1919 in Garbahaarrey, Somalia, anderen Angaben zufolge 1910 in Shilabo, Äthiopien; † 2. Januar 1995 in Lagos, Nigeria) war ein somalischer Offizier, de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Siad Barre, Muhammad — ▪ 1996       (MAXAMED SIYAAD BARRE), Somali general and political leader (b. c. 1919, Ganane, Italian Somaliland d. Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria), held dictatorial rule over Somalia from October 1969, when he led a bloodless military coup against …   Universalium

  • Siad Barre — محمد زياد بري Siyaad Barre Military portrait of Major General Mohamed Siad Barre. 3rd President of Somalia In office October 21, 1969 – January 26, 1991 Vice President …   Wikipedia

  • Siad Barre — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barre. Siad Barré Mohamed Siad Barré (arabe : محمد سياد بري ; somali : Mohamed Siyaad Barré) (1919, Ganane …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Muhammad Ali Samatar — Mohammed Ali Samatar (* 1931) war General der somalischen Armee und bedeutendes Regierungsmitglied in Somalia unter Siad Barre. Er war von 1980 bis 1986 Verteidigungsminister. Vom 1. Februar 1987 bis zum 3. September 1990 war er der erste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muhammad Abdi Yusuf — Mohammed Abdi Yusuf war vom 8. Dezember 2003 bis zum 3. November 2004 Premierminister der Übergangsregierung Somalias. Er ersetzte Hassan Abshir Farah, der von Präsident Abdikassim Salat Hassan entlassen worden war. Nach fast einem Jahr wurde er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muhammad Ali Samatar — محمد علي سمتر Prime Minister of Somalia In office 1 Feb 1987 – 3 Sep 1990 Preceded by post abolished, 1970 87 Succeeded by Muhammad Hawadle Madar …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad Ibrahim Habsade — (Somali: Maxamed Ibraahim Xaabsade) is former rebel soldier of the Rahanweyn Resistance Army, former Minister of Land and Air Transport, and current Minister of Agriculture in the Somali Transitional Federal Government. [1][2][3] Mohamed Ibrahim… …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad Anwar as-Sadat — Anwar as Sadat (1980) Muhammad Anwar as Sadat, arabisch ‏محمد أنور السادات‎, DMG Muhammad Anwar as Sādāt, (* 25. Dezember 1918 in Mit Abul kum, einem Dorf im Nildelta; † 6. Oktober 1981 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muhammad (name) — For other uses, see Muhammad (disambiguation). Muhammad Pronunciation English: /moʊˈhæməd/, /moʊˈhɑːməd/, /muːˈhæməd/, /muːˈhɑːməd/, [1] /moʊˈh …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.